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Contraception - what are my options?
  • Abstinence – which means not having sex at all – is the only 100% effective way to prevent pregnancy. No contraception method is effective all the time. But some methods are more effective than others.
  • Condoms are known as a barrier method because they create a barrier that the sperm cannot get through. They are rated 98% effective if used correctly every time you have sex.
  • An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small device that is put into the uterus (womb) to stop a woman from getting pregnant. Once it has been put in, it can stay there for up to five years. IUD’s are rated 98% effective.
  • You may choose to get a hormone injection that prevents you from falling pregnant. Your health care provider will advise you on how often you need to return for another injection, but it is usually every two or three months.
  • There are different types of contraceptive pills that you can take. You have to remember to take them every single day or else they won’t work.
  • If you never want to fall pregnant again, a permanent contraception option is sterilisation. For this, you will book a surgical operation at the hospital to have your tubes tied.
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